Internationalization (i18n)

Making the World Wide Web worldwide!


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i18n WG

i18n Interest Group

i18n Tag Set (ITS) IG

Arabic Layout TF

Chinese Layout TF

Ethiopic Layout TF

Hebrew Layout TF

India Int. Prog. TF

Japanese Layout TF

Mongolian Layout TF

Southeast Asian TF

Tibetan Layout TF

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July 2011 (13)
July 2009 (10)
June 2009 (10)
June 2008 (13)
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APL, Japan The Paciello Group Monotype Alibaba

The W3C Internationalization (I18n) Activity works with W3C working groups and liaises with other organizations to make it possible to use Web technologies with different languages, scripts, and cultures. From this page you can find articles and other resources about Web internationalization, and information about the groups that make up the Activity. Read also about the opportunities to participate and fund work via the new Sponsorship Program.

Recent highlights

All news

Working Group Note: Character Model for the World Wide Web: String Matching

The Internationalization Working Group at the W3C has published a new Working Group Note. Character Model for the World Wide Web: String Matching provides authors of specifications, software developers, and content developers a common reference on string identity matching on the World Wide Web and thereby increase interoperability.

String identity matching is the process by which a specification or implementation defines whether two string values are the same or different from one another. It describes the ways in which texts that are semantically equivalent can be encoded differently and the impact this has on matching operations important to formal languages. Topics include normalization and case folding.

One new, one updated article published

Types of language declaration describes how ‘metadata’ and ‘text-processing’ language declarations differ.

HTTP headers, meta elements and language information has been updated to read better, and the information that was to become the previously mentioned article was removed.

Updated article: Character encodings: Essential concepts

This article introduces a number of basic concepts needed to understand other articles that deal with characters and character encodings.

The article has been updated with explanations of the terms ‘user-perceived character’, ‘grapheme-cluster’, ‘typographic character unit’, and ‘glyph’, and a warning about the vague use of the term ‘character’.

Read the article Character encodings: Essential concepts.

Article published: Approaches to line-breaking

This article gives a high level summary of various typographic strategies for wrapping text at the end of a line, for a variety of scripts.

Read the article.

For 2nd review: Approaches to line breaking

The article Approaches to line breaking has been significantly revised and is out for another wide review. We are looking for comments by Thursday 2 August.

This article gives a high level summary of various typographic strategies for wrapping text at the end of a line, for a variety of scripts. It complements the article Approaches to full justification.

Please send any comments as github issues by clicking on this link, or on “Leave a comment” at the bottom of the article. (This will add some useful information to your comment.)

W3C launches Internationalization Initiative

The W3C today launched the Internationalization Initiative to expand core work in further internationalizing the Web. “Supporting the W3C Internationalization Initiative with funding or expertise is a vital way that our Web community creates the future of the global Web,” said Jeff Jaffe, W3C CEO. W3C thanks Alibaba, Apple, Advanced Publishing Lab (Keio University), Monotype, and The Paciello Group who have stepped up as Founding Sponsors. Read about the Sponsorship Program and the press release and testimonials.

For review: Approaches to line breaking

The article Approaches to line breaking is out for wide review. We are looking for comments by Wednesday 4 July.

This article gives a high level summary of various typographic strategies for wrapping text at the end of a line, for a variety of scripts. It complements the article Approaches to full justification.

Please send any comments as github issues by clicking on this link, or on “Leave a comment” at the bottom of the article. (This will add some useful information to your comment.)

For last call review: Character Model for the World Wide Web: String Matching

A final draft of Character Model for the World Wide Web: String Matching is out for wide review. We are looking for comments by Tuesday 29 May.

This document builds on the document Character Model for the World Wide Web 1.0: Fundamentals to provide authors of specifications, software developers, and content developers with a common reference on string identity matching on the World Wide Web, in order to increase interoperability.

All comments are welcome. Please raise them as github issues. To make it easier to track comments, please raise separate issues or emails for each comment, and point to the section you are commenting on using a URL.

New translations into Russian

These articles were translated into Russian thanks to Dmitri Kuznetsov, of the Russian Translation Agency, Taushiro Inc.

First Public Working Draft: Text Layout Requirements for the Arabic Script

A First Public Working Draft of Text Layout Requirements for the Arabic Script was published.

This document describes the basic requirements for Arabic script layout and text support on the Web and in eBooks. These requirements provide information for Web technologies such as CSS, HTML and digital publications about how to support users of Arabic scripts. Currently the document focuses on Standard Arabic and Persian. Public comments are welcome, please raise them as github issues.

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